How to use the Go/No-Go Kit
By employing an acid-catalyed esterification before the standard base-catalyed transesterification, the BioPro processors accomplish two important things:
nevertheless, some oils may be encountered which may have a free fatty acid level higher than the BioPro can process. Springboard Biodiesel has developed a quick test to determine the suitability of a particular oil sample.
The Go/No Go kit Included in this kit will come with:
Make sure that the oil is free of water and particulates, and it will process well in your machine.(This test only measures FFA levels in the feedstock. Please refer to the section in your owners manual entitled Feedstock for further information.)
If the sample turns yellow, it is a No-Go, the FFA (free fatty acid) level is so high that it is not recommended for processing in the BioPro.
Each vial is set to change color if the sample of feedstock is 5% FFA or greater.
If you want to tell more precisely how acidic the sample of feedstock is, simply see how much of it is needed to turn the fluid yellow.For example, if it takes 2 ml of oil to turn the fluid in the vial yellow, then the sample of oil is only 2.5% FFA.If it only takes ½ of a milliliter of oil to turn the fluid yellow, then there is 10% FFA in the oil.Please take note of the accompanying chart in your owners manual on page 25 to see the ramifications that this has for biodiesel processing. You may also see this chart here. Many customers are able to use this information to dilute high FFA oil from one source with low FFA oil from another source. This allows them to process all of the potential feedstock they are able to find.
Percent FFA was used in this test instead of titration number due to the fact that it is an unambiguous measurement. (Titration methods can vary.) If a user were to use the titration method described at utahbiodieselsupply.com, he or she could convert this to a percent FFA by first subtracting 7 from the KOH result or 5.5 from the NaOH result.Then, he or she would divide by 1.3 if using NaOH or 1.8 if using KOH. This will give the approximate percent FFA in the feedstock.For example, a KOH titration of 16 would equate to 5% FFA.
To go from %FFA to titration number a person would use the reverse formula:
(%FFA×1.3)+5.5 for NaOH and (%FFA×1.8)+7 for KOH
Please note that on some very rare occasions, the oil is contaminated with an acid of a mineral origin such as hydrochloric acid which is used as a cleaner.In such circumstances a sample could pass the Go/No-Go test but not be able to be processed.